HOD: Dr Virinder Singh Gogia, Associate Professor
About the department: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (aka physiatry [pronounced as f?'za?.?tri] or Rehabilitation Medicine or Physical & Rehabilitation Medicine) is a branch of modern (allopathic) system of medicine that aims to enhance and restore functional ability and quality of life to those with physical impairments or disabilities. That’s, a medical specialty that emphasizes prevention, diagnosis and treatment of patients who experience limitations in function resulting from any disease process, injury or symptom. A physician having completed specialized training in this field is referred to as a physiatrist (pronounced as fiss ee at’trist) or rehabilitation medicine specialist.
Physical Medicine – Word “physical” in Physical Medicine encompasses all three expressions that are pertaining to our physical-ness (body), physical agents (heat, light, sound, cold, etc.) and physical activities/exercises. Hence, Physical Medicine may be described as diagnosis and treatment of neuro-musculoskeletal disorders with the use of medications, modalities, intervention procedures (including surgical procedures) and exercises. Physiatrists use medications, injections, physical modalities, exercises and education, individualized to the patient’s needs. That is why; it is often called “cementing force” between different specialties of modern medicine, having access to all the available modes of treatment.
Rehabilitation - Rehabilitate in Latin (habilitas) means to make able. Rehabilitation is the process of transforming a person with functional limitation to a person with maximal ability through the application of medical treatment, physical modalities, exercises and adaptive devises. Rehabilitation does not reverse or undo the damage caused by disease or trauma, but rather helps restore the individual to optimal health, functioning and wellbeing.
Medical Conditions treated by Physiatrist: Physiatrists specialize in restoring optimal function to people with injuries to the muscles, bones, tissues and nervous system. In short, “Persons affected by disease conditions or injuries that result in or leave the victim with Pain, Paralysis, and/or Deformity can be benefited through physiatric intervention”. Common conditions treated by physiatrists include (but not limited to) amputation, arthritis, brain injuries, burns, cancer, cardiac disorders, fibromyalgia, industrial injuries, multiple sclerosis, neuromuscular diseases, neuropathies, pain disorders, paediatric disorders, pulmonary disorders, spinal cord injuries, stroke, post traumatic and musculoskeletal post-surgical conditions, podiatric affections, various aches and pains, post-polio paralysis and deformities, cerebral palsy, etc.
The goal is to restore optimal function in all spheres of life including the medical (including physical, mental, psychological domains), social, emotional and vocational dimensions. The Goal or Mission statement may be described in acronym – MAD: Maximizing Abilities in-spite of Disabilities!
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation improves the quality of life of the patient through a dynamic team oriented approach. The Physiatrists play a leadership role in the process, providing advisory, supervisory and administrative guidance to the team members. The team members include physical therapist, occupational therapist, speech therapist, respiratory therapist, nursing staff, orthotist, prosthetist and others. The traditional medical approach aims “adding years to life” and the Physiatry with the functional model accomplishes “adding life to years”.
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Courses Offered: None.
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Research Staff: None.